Development of low-temperature plasma generators (plasma torches).
Basic Research Activities
Theory of an electric arc burning in complex magnetohydrodynamic conditions. Stability of burning of an electric arc as a circuit element. Similarity criteria in gas discharge plasma. Basic electrophysical and aerodynamical phenomena in an arcdischarge chamber. Near-electrode processes with regard for electrophysical phenomena in gas-discharge plasma, on the surface, and in the solid body. Development of an engineering method for calculating linear-scheme plasma torches based on a criterial generalization of experimental data. Study of plasma-chemical technologies.
Merits of plasma torches:
Possibility of heating all technologically necessary media with arcdischarge chamber pressure of 0.1-1 MPa; long lifetime of electrodes (up to several hundreds of hours), reliability and stability of operation of plasma installations as a whole; possibility of creating technological facilities of arbitrary power, for instance, on a basis of a multi-jet reactor; easy automatization of technological processes, since the electric arc is almost inertia-free; ecological safety and high efficiency of equipment with miniature scales of plasma torches and plasma-chemical reactors.
- RUSSIA: Republican Research Center 'Applied Chemistry' (St. Petersburg); Research-Industrial Firm 'Plasmokhim' (Kazan); State Research Industrial Enterprise 'Ekotekhnika' (Novokuznetsk); Joint-Stock Company 'Volgograd Chemical Factory';
- KOREA: Samsung Heavy Industries, Central Advanced Institute of Research and Technologies (Daejeon);
- CHINA: Institute of Plasma Physics Academia Sinica (Hefei); Fudan University (Shanghai); Hypervelocity Aerodynamics Institute of China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center (Mianyang);
- USA: Plasma Science and Fusion Center of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge);
- REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA: Atomic Energy Corporation (Pretoria).
Head of the Laboratory
Doctor of technical sciences Timoshevsky
tel.: (383) 330-06-74
fax: (383) 330-06-74